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12 Feb 73
Operation Homecoming begins the release of 591 American POWs from Hanoi.
U.S. First Aviation Brigade departs Vietnam.
MACV headquarters disestablished.
U.S. 18th Military Police Brigade departs Vietnam.
The withdrawal of all American troops from South Vietnam is complete.
The release of 590 P.O.W.s held by the communists is complete.
1 Apr 73
Captain Robert White, the last known American POW is released.
30 Apr 73
The Watergate scandal results in the resignation of top Nixon aides H.R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman.
Apr 73
President Nixon and President Thieu meet at San Clemente, California. Nixon renews his earlier secret pledge to respond militarily if North Vietnam violates the peace agreement.
22 May 73
Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho end their talks on implementation of the Vietnam truce agreement.
13 Jun 73
A new accord aimed at strengthening the January 27 cease-fire agreement in South Vietnam is signed in Paris by the United States, North Vietnam, South Vietnam and the National Liberation Front.
19 Jun 73

The U.S. Congress passes the Case-Church Amendment which forbids any further U.S. military involvement in Southeast Asia, effective August 15, 1973. The veto-proof vote is 278-124 in the House and 64-26 in the Senate. The Amendment paves the way for North Vietnam to wage yet another invasion of the South, this time without fear of U.S. bombing.

24 Jun 73

June 24, 1973 - Graham Martin becomes the new U.S. ambassador to South Vietnam.

1 Jul 73
U.S. Congress votes to end all bombing in Cambodia after August 15.
Jul 73
The U.S. Navy removes mines from ports in North Vietnam which had been installed during Operation Linebacker.
16 Jul 73
The U.S. Senate Armed Forces Committee begins hearings into the secret bombing of Cambodia during 1969-70.
17 Jul 73
Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger testifies before the Armed Forces Committee that 3500 bombing raids were launched into Cambodia to protect American troops by targeting NVA positions. The extent of Nixon's secret bombing campaign angers many in Congress and results in the first call for Nixon's impeachment.
14 Aug 73
U.S. Air Force Operations Arc Light and Freedom deal end, as U.S. officially ceases bombing in Cambodia and thus all direct U.S. military action in Cambodia-Laos-Vietnam.
22 Sep 73
Henry Kissinger replaces William Rogers as Secretary of State and retains National Security Adviser post.
7 Nov 73
U.S. Congress overrides presidential veto of War Powers Act.
31 Dec 73
Size of U.S. military contingent in Vietnam is limited to 50. No Free World military personel remain in South Vietnam.
9 Aug 74
Richard Nixon resigns as President of the United States. Vice President Gerald Ford becomes President.
14 Aug 73
U.S. bombing activities in Cambodia are halted in accordance with the Congressional ban resulting from the Case-Church amendment.
20 Aug 74
U.S. Congress cuts aid to South Vietnam from $1 billion to $700 million.
22 Aug 73
Henry Kissinger is appointed by President Nixon as the new Secretary of State, replacing William Rogers.
16 Sep 74
President Ford signs a proclamation offering clemency to Vietnam war-era draft evaders and military deserters.
22 Sep 73
South Vietnamese troops assault NVA near Pleiku.
10 Oct 73
Political scandal results in the resignation of Vice President Spiro T. Agnew. He is replaced by Congressman Gerald R. Ford.
7 Nov 73
Congress passes the War Powers Resolution requiring the President to obtain the support of Congress within 90 days of sending American troops abroad.
3 Dec 73
Viet Cong destroy 18 million gallons of fuel stored near Saigon.
9 May 74
Congress begins impeachment proceedings against President Nixon stemming from the Watergate scandal.
9 Aug 74
Richard M. Nixon resigns the presidency as result of Watergate. Gerald R. Ford is sworn in as the 38th U.S. President, the 6th President to cope with Vietnam.
Sep 74
The U.S. Congress appropriates only $700 million for South Vietnam. This leaves the South Vietnamese Army under-funded and results in a decline of military readiness and morale.
16 Sep 74
President Gerald R. Ford announces a clemency program for draft evaders and military deserters. The program runs through March 31, 1975, and requires fugitives to take an oath of allegiance and also perform up to two years of community service. Out of an estimated 124,000 men eligible, about 22,500 take advantage of the offer.
Oct 74
Vietnam decides to launch an invasion of South Vietnam in 1975.
19 Nov 74
In yet one more Vietnam political travesty, William Calley is freed after serving only 3 1/2 years under house arrest following his conviction for the murder of 22 My Lai civilians.
13 Dec 74-
6 Jan 75
In violation of the Paris treaty, North Vietnamese attack South Vietnamese positions in Phuoc Long Province, II Corps. The intent is to test President Ford's resolve; Ford responds with diplomatic protests but no military force in compliance with the Congressional ban on all U.S. military activity in Southeast Asia. Phuoc Long Province falls to North Vietnamese attack.
18 Dec 74
Based on President Ford's ineffective response and his hamstringing by Congress, North Vietnam's leaders meet in Hanoi to form a plan for final victory.
8 Jan 75
North Vietnamese Politburo orders major offensive to "liberate" South Vietnam by NVA cross-border invasion.
[ before the french | french indochina | the second war | america's war ]
[ south vietnam's peace | after the fall | lessons learned ]